- Vitrectomy for diabetic eye disease
- Vitrectomy for retinal detachment
- Vitrectomy for vitreous hemorrhage
- Vitrectomy for lens matter removal
- Scleral buckling for retinal detachment
- Scleral fixated intraocular lens implantation
- Vitrectomy for macular hole and epiretinal membrane
Surgery may be recommended for various eye conditions and disorders. Here are some common surgical procedures performed on the eyes:
- Cataract Surgery: Cataract surgery is one of the most common eye surgeries. It involves removing the cloudy lens of the eye and replacing it with an artificial lens called an intraocular lens (IOL). This procedure improves vision and can significantly reduce the impact of cataracts on daily activities.
- Refractive Surgery: Refractive surgery aims to correct refractive errors such as nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), and astigmatism. There are several types of refractive surgeries, including:
- LASIK (Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis): Uses a laser to reshape the cornea to correct vision.
- PRK (Photorefractive Keratectomy): Reshapes the cornea’s surface using a laser, without creating a corneal flap like in LASIK.
- LASEK (Laser-Assisted Subepithelial Keratectomy): Similar to PRK, but a thinner layer of the cornea’s surface is lifted before laser treatment.
- SMILE (Small Incision Lenticule Extraction): A minimally invasive procedure that uses femtosecond laser technology to reshape the cornea.
- Glaucoma Surgery: Glaucoma surgeries aim to lower intraocular pressure (IOP) and prevent further damage to the optic nerve. Some common glaucoma surgeries include:
- Trabeculectomy: Creates a small channel to drain fluid from the eye, reducing IOP.
- Tube-Shunt Implantation: Places a small tube with a drainage device to divert fluid and reduce IOP.
- Laser Trabeculoplasty: Uses a laser to improve fluid drainage from the eye’s drainage angle.
- Retinal Surgery: Retinal surgery is performed to address various retinal conditions, such as retinal detachment, macular holes, and epiretinal membranes. Some common retinal surgeries include:
- Vitrectomy: Removes the vitreous gel from the eye and repairs or removes abnormal structures on the retina.
- Retinal Laser Surgery: Uses laser technology to treat retinal conditions like retinal tears, diabetic retinopathy, and age-related macular degeneration.
- Corneal Transplant Surgery: Corneal transplant, also known as corneal grafting, is performed to replace a damaged or diseased cornea with a healthy donor cornea. It can improve vision and alleviate conditions such as corneal scarring, keratoconus, and corneal dystrophies.
These are just a few examples of surgical procedures performed on the eyes. Each surgery carries its own risks, benefits, and considerations. It is important to consult with an experienced eye specialist or ophthalmologist who can assess your specific condition, explain the available surgical options, and guide you in making an informed decision about the best course of treatment for your eye health.